What Is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes Overview

Normally, the body's immune system fights off foreign invaders like viruses or bacteria. But for unknown reasons, in people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks various cells in the body.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop quickly, over a few days to weeks, and are caused by blood sugar levels rising above the normal range (hyperglycemia).

Type 1 Diabetes Causes

You can inherit a tendency to develop type 1 diabetes, but most people who have the disease have no family history of it.

Type 1 Diabetes Exams and Tests

If a person is not in ketoacidosis, the American Diabetes Association's criteria for symptoms, a medical history, a physical exam, and blood tests are used to diagnose type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment Overview

Type 1 diabetes requires lifelong treatment to keep blood sugar levels within a target range.

Types of Insulin for Diabetes Treatment

There are many forms of insulin to treat diabetes. They are classified by how fast they start to work and how long their effects last.

Type 1 Diabetes Prevention

Currently there is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes, but ongoing studies are exploring ways to prevent diabetes in those who are most likely to develop it.

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes Overview

Type 2 diabetes, once called non-insulin dependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes, affecting 90% to 95% of the 26 million Americans with diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes in Children

Just a few years ago, it was rare to hear about a child with type 2 diabetes. It used to be thought that if diabetes occurred in childhood, it was type 1, or juvenile-onset, diabetes. Not anymore.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can cause serious health complications. That's why is very important to know how to spot type 2 diabetes symptoms.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. While not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and lack of physical activity are two of the most common causes of this form of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes Prevention

Type 2 diabetes prevention is possible by adopting some healthy lifestyle habits and paying attention to specific preventable diabetes complications associated with this disease.

A Healthy Type 2 Diabetes Diet

Maintaining a healthy diet is important for everyone, but it is especially important for people with diabetes.